Dharma Leaf 知苦 by 朱倍贤|Understanding Suffering by William Chu

截取自20210509开示。
Excerpted from the 20210509 dharma talk.


……我们可以再深入一点讲,为什么知苦,然后就这样面对,这样的去了解,这样的去思考,这样去探索世间的这种痛苦的本质,它可以成为禅那里面的喜悦。
…We can go a little deeper to talk about why understanding suffering, and just simply facing it, simply understanding it, simply contemplating it, simply exploring the nature of suffering of living in this world, can become the joy in jhana/meditation.

其中的一个原因就是,一个禅修的人,当他开始去留意他的心跟痛苦之间的关系是什么,他很有可能就会开始发现到,原来,苦,它虽然好像会噬咬、会动摇心,但是苦跟心不是同一个东西。那个苦跟心,好像中间有着那么样的一个空间,这是一个可以回转的地方。
One of the reasons is that when a meditator begins to pay attention to the relationship between his mind and the suffering, he is likely to begin to see that, although suffering may seem to gnaw at and shake the mind, suffering and the mind are not the same thing. There seems to be a space between suffering and the mind, a place to maneuver.

在这样的空间里面,就好像有人用绳索把你绑着。绳索跟你的身体因为有一点缝隙,所以你就有挣脱的可能性,那个绳索不是全然地把你绑死的。然后心跟境界的这个空隙,它真的是,你要开发智慧的人,你要有修学禅观经验的人,你才会明白。真的是这个样子的。苦,它为什么叫非我,其中的一个含义,就是因为它真的不是100%的你。只是很多时候它感觉到,它已经是你了,你就是苦,因为你是那么大程度地被苦所吞没了,被它包围着的。
In such a space, it is as if you are tied with a rope. There is a gap between the rope and your body, so there is a possibility for you to break free. That rope is not tying you up completely. And this gap between the mind and the circumstances, it’s really…only those who have developed wisdom, those who have practiced meditation, would understand.  It’s really like this. Suffering, why it’s called non-self, one of the meanings is because it’s really not 100% you. It’s just that many times you feel that it is already you, that you are suffering, because you are so greatly engulfed by suffering, surrounded by it.

但是如果你再更留意一点看的话,你会发现到,原来它还不是你。它之所以能够包围你的原因是因为它不是你。你跟它是不一样的,你跟它是有距离的、是有这样的一个空隙的。然后你越明白这样的空隙,你越明白心跟境界它不是在一起的,你就越相信解脱是可能的。你就越能够就在当下,跟那个痛苦改变关系。
But if you look a little more carefully, you’ll see that it’s not you yet. The reason it can surround you is because it is not you. You are different from it. There is a distance between you and the suffering. There is a gap. The more you understand this gap, and the more you understand that the mind and the circumstances are not together, the more you will believe that liberation is possible, and, the more you are able to change your relationship with that suffering right in the present moment.

Translated with http://www.DeepL.com/Translator with amendments.

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